Yes, CBD oil is legal in Montana. At the federal level, cannabis-derived CBD is considered a Schedule I substance under the Controlled Substance Act (CSA) and is not legal. However, hemp-derived CBD with 0.3% THC content or less is legal because hemp has been removed from the controlled substances list. With the passage of the 2018 Farm Bill, the sale of hemp-based CBD became legal in Montana. This made CBD oil legal and accessible across the state, although it is prohibited in food, dietary supplements, and beverages.
The Agriculture Improvement Act (also known as the 2018 Farm Bill) removed hemp from the definition of marijuana in the Controlled Substance Act (CSA). This made the cultivation, processing and purchase of industrial hemp federally legal. Consequently, the manufacture of CBD products and their derivatives implies that hemp growers can extract CBD from plants legally in Montana.
Additionally, In May 2019, Senate Bill 176 was signed into law. A bill that allows the Department of Agriculture to develop a state hemp program, the Montana Hemp Plan. According to the plan, legal hemp must contain no more than 0.3% THC by dry weight. Although there is no specific legislation on Montana’s position regarding CBD, the Montana Department of Public Health and Human Services and the Montana Department of Agriculture occasionally provide some regulatory guidelines.
Montana does not have a limit on the amounts of hemp-based CBD oil (and other CBD products) that residents can purchase or own. However, qualifying patients under the medical marijuana program can possess an ounce under normal circumstances. Penalties for those in illegal possession of cannabis-based CBD are not clearly defined yet. Nonetheless, there are penalties for those found with unauthorized amounts of cannabis. There are no age limits for the purchase or possession of hemp-derived CBD in Montana. However, products such as CBD vaporizer or smokable hemp flower are not appropriate for minors. CBD vendors and the smoke shop may restrict access for individuals under 18.
Doctors cannot prescribe hemp-based CBD oil and other CBD products in Montana. Nevertheless, they may recommend them. Montana approves the use of CBD oil for the treatment of certain medical conditions. These include:
Epilepsy Or Other Intractable Seizure Disorder
Sickle Cell Disease
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
A person does not need a prescription to access CBD derived from hemp source.
Montana does not have specific age requirements for purchasing CBD products. However, smoke shops, CBD stores, and dispensaries may restrict access to CBD products based on age in accordance with their store policies. For example, Montana smoke shops are likely to only sell to individuals aged 21 or older. Regular cannabis dispensaries, however, may require buyers to prove that they are over the age of 18.
An industrial hemp license is required to cultivate and process hemp in Montana. The fee for a Montana hemp license is $50, and a licensee must pay $400 to take part in a pilot test. This follows a filed document with the Department of Agriculture, showing evidence of compliance with the 0.3% or less THC content in hemp.
Application for a license under the Montana Hemp Program mandates that an applicant should include his name, address and legal description of the proposed facility for the production of industrial hemp as a basic requirement. Additionally, documentation on the seed source and type must be filed with the Department Of Agriculture.
In Montana, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) prohibits the sale of CBD-infused products with health claims. Since regulations keep changing, the product label is required to specify the amount of active CBD present (whether it is full-spectrum, broad-spectrum, or isolate). It should also include a panel of the supplement fact, net weight, manufacturer name, suggested use and batch or date code or QR code containing information about the ingredients with the analysis done by a third-party lab.
The manufacture and sale of hemp-based CBD in Montana are not well regulated currently. Consequently, CBD products and their derivatives can be purchased in many places, including CBD retailers, convenience stores, health food stores, and grocery markets. CBD derived from marijuana is only available for purchase from state-licensed dispensaries. The only concern is the risk posed by the lack of regulation to ensure consumers’ safety.
Purchasing hemp-derived CBD products online is a suitable alternative since a person can access a range of CBD products. Additionally, a consumer has a better review of the manufacturer's hemp source, lab procedure, and best practices. This helps to guarantee that a product is clean and also meets legal framework guidelines. Some brands render e-commerce services by which a consumer can buy directly from the source. This is less expensive since no extra fee tacked on by a third-party market is charged.
This is the final product obtained from mixing CBD extract with a carrier oil. When extracted from cannabis plants, CBD occurs as a thick paste. To improve its flow rate and shelf life, manufacturers dissolve this paste in a carrier oil such as coconut oil or hemp oil. The final CBD oil mixture is also easier to ingest and formulate into different products.
Cannabidiol (CBD) is a non-addictive component of the cannabis Sativa plant. It is the second-most abundant constituent of the plant after tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). Both compounds are alike in chemical formation; however, THC is psychoactive, while CBD is not.
Research works are underway to ascertain the many possible therapeutic benefits of CBD and its safety. Evidence shows that CBD is a seizure-suppressant agent. Additionally, it has anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties. As a result, CBD can be used in the treatment of depression, chronic pains, autoimmune disease, and epilepsy, amongst others. At present, the only approved CBD product in the United States, including Montana, by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is a prescription oil called Epidiolex. It is used for the treatment of epilepsy.
CBD also has some potential risks and side effects when used. It can cause dehydration, low appetite, nausea, fatigue, irritability, drowsiness, and diarrhea when taken alongside other medications. CBD commonly exists as oil in Montana. However, it is also sold in other forms, such as extracts in vaporized liquid form, soft gels, tablets, capsules and gums. Beauty lotions, hair care creams, food, and drinks are among the many available CBD-infused products.
In December 2015, the regulatory requirements on CBD were eased to allow researchers to conduct a pilot test. In 2018, the Agriculture Improvement Act (also known as the 2018 Farm Bill) was passed and signed into law, making hemp-based CBD legal in the United States, as well as in Montana.
CBD is known to have a number of neurological effects in humans. One of its well-recognized health benefits is in the treatment of epileptic seizures. Its effectiveness in this regard is well studied and proven enough to get the FDA to approve a CBD medication for treating certain forms of seizures. In addition to its anti-seizure effect, CBD is also likely effective for managing some mental health disorders. Early evidence suggests it is effective for treating depression and anxiety as well as insomnia.
There are promising results confirming that CBD may be useful in the management of chronic pain and inflammation. These results also indicate it may be helpful for cancer patients at alleviating certain debilitation symptoms and improving their appetite.
CBD does not show up on drug tests but THC can show up on cannabis drug tests. With THC present in most CBD products, it is possible to fail a drug test as a CBD user. This is especially likely if taking a drug test soon after ingesting a large dose of CBD. Regular users of full-spectrum CBD products may also have accumulated levels of THC and its metabolites. To avoid failing a drug test as a CBD user, make sure to only buy products from reputed manufacturers and sellers. Unregulated CBD products will likely contain more THC than indicated on their labels.